Sea Fishing Bait – Natural Baits – Fishing with Lugworms

Lugworms ar a great sea fishing bait

The Best Natural Sea Fishing Baits To Use


The yellowtail lugworm is highly favored by sea anglers as it is a natural sea fishing bait. The name yellowtail derives from the fact that once handled, the worm emits a yellow iodine liquid, which will stain the angler’s hand. The black lugworm is so named because of its black coloring caused by the black mud it passes through its body when digging its burrow. It can be dug from muddy shorelines as the tide recedes. Some of the best yellowtail lugs come from the shore around Kent. It can be purchased from tackle shops or fishermen can dig their own. To dig your own you will need a fork or a device known as a bait pump. You will also need a collection bucket or a container to keep the worms in while digging for others.

Digging with a fork can be hard work and may take a considerable amount of time to collect a hundred or so worms. A bait pump is a type of pump-action tube inserted into the mud over what is known as the worm cast. The worm is sucked into the chamber of the pump when suction is applied by lifting the handle. To operate the pump you will first need to find a worm cast, which is a mark left by the worm where it has come to the surface and begun to burrow back down again. Place the pump over the cast and push it slightly into the ground. When you have the pump set in the ground, pull up the handle and this will create a vacuum, which traps the mud and worm in the cylinder of the pump.

Once the pump has been withdrawn the handle is pushed down, spewing the contents out on to the floor. You then pick up any worms caught in the pump and place them in your bucket. There are also specialist lugworm spades available from good tackle shops. These are a worthwhile investment if the worms you seek are in deep burrows, sometimes as deep as 2 ft (60 cm) below the surface. to store the lugworms it is preferable to use a shallow tray with a small amount of seawater in the bottom. The tray should be kept at the bottom of a fridge to keep it at an even, cool temperature, and the sea water should be changed each day. Any dead or dying worms should be removed.

You can freeze lugworms by first squeezing out their innards, and then wrapping them individually in newspaper. Frozen in this manner they will keep for long periods. When defrosted, this tough, rubbery worm is a good sea fishing bait for winter cod fishing.

Lugworm Burrow

Please see other sea fishing bait: Peeler Crab, MackerelLugworms, Sandeels, RazorFish

Common Lugworms

Common lugworms, or blow lugworms as they are often called, are more usually found in a sandy environment. They can be dug from many beaches around the coastline. They can also be found in estuaries and make excellent bait for many different species, including cod and whiting. As with the yellowtail lugworm, their burrow holes can be identified by the cast they leave on the surface of the sand. Unlike the yellowtail, the common lug favors a U-shaped tunnel or burrow, which rarely exceeds 15 in (38 cm). When spotting the cast on the surface it is advisable to look for the blowhole, which will be a short way behind the cast.

This will give you a rough idea of where the worm will be lying before you attempt to dig down to it. For collection purposes, a bucket and garden fork will be needed. During the warmer months, the worms can be dug out of the sand or mud with a fork quite easily. However, in colder weather, they will burrow slightly deeper and will be harder to find. To store them, simply collect them in a bucket containing a small amount of sea water.

If you are going to keep them for a couple of days, store them in a fridge in a shallow tray with a shallow covering of sea water. Using this method it is possible to keep them alive for a considerable amount of time. Common lugworms do not make good baits for freezing, the problem being that the content of the common lugworm is mainly water.

Hooking Lugworms

hooking Lugworms When fishing for cod and casting lugworms any distance it is advisable to get as many as five or six worms on the same hook. It will help if the hook is of the long shank variety. To hook them, simply enter the hook point into the center of the head and thread the hook right down through the center of the body. Once on the hook, the worm should be worked up the long shank and over the eye. Keep doing this until you have enough worms on the hook. It’s usually the case that the tail of the last worm is left hanging from the hook in an enticing manner.

It’s important to fill the hook completely if you are casting any distance because live lugworms are a very soft sea fishing bait and the impact on the worms when casting may result in some being lost while the tackle is in flight. When hooking frozen black lugworm you can be sure they will stay on the hook because of their thick, rubbery skin. A tip that many sea anglers use is to inject the skin with a flavor or oil before casting. This replaces the innards removed before freezing.

Lugworms are a very good sea fishing bait for all types of fish, here is a video on how to find them.

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